TRANSLATION FROM AND INTO ITALIAN
The Italian language, beautiful in sound, official language in the EU, Italy, Switzerland, San Marino, Vatican City, the Order of Malta, the region of Istria (Croatia), and in the cities of Capodistria-Koper, Isola d ‘ Istria-Izola and Piran-Pirano (Slovenia). Only in the peninsula it has sixty million speakers, but it has been estimated worldwide that the amount rises to nearly to one hundred five million. Italian immigrants have spread to several countries, being the most influential have been the United States, Australia, Argentina, Brazil, Uruguay, Venezuela, Canada and Germany.
The Italian language was imposed by the Italian government as its official language in order to be the unifying element of their peoples. It is a Romance language of the Indo-European family, heir to the Latin spoken by the Romans and imposed a few villages were under his rule. Italian is therefore a unique language with many dialects that emerged during evolution.
In northern Italy dominated the dialects of Gallo-Italian origin (Piedmont, Lombardy, Liguria, and Emilian or Bolognese), which have in their pronunciation and truncated terminations a clear affinity with the French language.
In the Italian Tyrol and in Dalmatia (Croatia), Istria (Slovenia and Croatia) and the Venice area Venetian dialect is spoken.
In central Italy are different languages that focus on central-called dialects, these are: the Tuscan, Corsican, Sardinian, Roman (related to the Umbrian and Marches).
In the south parlan called dialects of Campania, which are Sicilian, Neapolitan and Calabrian.
In other regions such as central and southern Sardinia, and the Alpine region north of Venice (Friuli-Venezia Giulia) are dialects that make a different group, who have come to regard as an autonomous branch of the Romance languages.
Italy itself is the result of the Tuscan dialect. In the fourteenth century, it was he who had greater weight in the race for the Italian language purely heir of Latin and he managed the cultural union of all the peoples of the peninsula.
The Tuscan surpassed other dialects because of its central geographical position (Florence, Pisa and Siena) that Florence was the most influential city commercially, mostly morphological and phonological closeness to classical Latin, and the writings of the three greatest authors Middle Ages and early Renaissance: Dante, Petrarch and Boccaccio.
Today the Italian state does not recognize any other than Italian as the official language, while recognizing regional languages as Sardinian in Sardinia and Friuli in the region of Friuli-Venezia Giulia.
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